The following list of peer reviewed publications are from projects that received samples or laboratory support from NSF-ICF (formerly NICL), or from research that used data produced by projects that received samples or laboratory support from NSF-ICF.


  1. Gabriel I, Plunkett G, Abbott PM, Behrens M, Burke A, Chellman N, Cook E, Fleitmann D, Horhold M, Hutchison W, McConnell JR, Oladottir BA, Preiser-Kapeller J, Sliwinski JT, Sugden P, Twarloh B, Sigl M (2024) Decadal-to-centennial increases of volcanic aerosols from Iceland challenge the concept of a Medieval Quiet Period. Communications Earth & Environment, 5:194, 1-18.
  2. Lowry DP, Han HK, Golledge NR, Gomez N, Johnson KM, McKay RM (2024) Ocean cavity regime shift reversed West Antarctic grounding line retreat in the late Holocene. Nature Communications, 15, 3176.
  3. McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, Wensman SM, Plach A, Stanish C, Santibáñez PA, Brugger SO, Eckhardt S, Freitag J, Kipfstuhl S, Stohl A (2024) Hemispheric-scale heavy metal pollution from South American and Australian mining and metallurgy during the Common Era. Science of The Total Environment, 912.
  4. van Dijk EJC, Jungclaus J, Sigl M, Timmreck Cm Kruger K (2024) High-frequency climate forcing causes prolonged cold periods in the Holocene. Communications Earth & Environment, 5, 242.
  5. Wendt KA, Nehrbass-Ahles C, Niezgoda K, Noone D, Kalk M, Menviel L, Gottschalk J, Rae JWB, Schmitt J, Fischer H, Stocker TF, Muglia J, Ferreira D, Marcott SA, Brook E, Buizert C (2024) Southern Ocean drives multidecadal atmospheric CO2 rise during Heinrich Stadials. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 121 (21) e2319652121.
  6. Zhang B, Chellman NJ, Kaplan JO, Mickley LJ, Ito T, Wang X, Wensman SM, McCrimmon D, Steffensen JP, McConnell JR, Liu P (2024) Improved biomass burning emissions from 1750 to 2010 using ice core records and inverse modeling. Nature Communications, 15, 3651.


  1. Brugger SO, Chellman NJ, McConnell C, McConnell JR (2023) High-latitude fire activity of recent decades derived from microscopic charcoal and black carbon in Greenland ice cores. The Holocene, 33(2), 238-244.
  2. Buizert C, Shackleton S, Severinghaus JP, Roberts WHG, Seltzer A, Bereiter B, Kawamura K, Baggenstos D, Orsi AJ, Oyabu I, Birner B, Morgan JD, Brook EJ, Etheridge DM, Thornton D, Bertler N, Pyne RL, Mulvaney R, Mosley-Thompson E, Neff PD, and Petrenko VV (2023) The new Kr-86 excess ice core proxy for synoptic activity: West Antarctic storminess possibly linked to Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) movement through the last deglaciation. Climate of the Past, 19, 579-606.
  3. Burke A, Innes HM, Crick L, Anchukaitis KJ, Byrne MP, Hutchison W, McConnell JR, Moore KA, Rae JWB, Sigl M, and Wilson R (2023) High sensitivity of summer temperatures to stratospheric sulfur loading from volcanoes in the Northern Hemisphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 120(47), e2221810120.
  4. Chesler A, Winski D, Kreutz K, Koffman B, Osterberg E, Ferris D, Thundercloud Z, Mohan J, Cole-Dai J, Wells M, Handley M, Putnam A, Anderson K, and Harmon N (2023) Non-spherical microparticle shape in Antarctica during the last glacial period affects dust volume-related metrics. Climate of the Past, 19, 477-492.
  5. Eckhardt S, Pisso I, Evangeliou N, Zwaaftink CG, Plach A, McConnell JR, Sigl M, Ruppel M, Zdanowicz C, Lim S, Chellman N, Opel T, Meyer H, Steffensen JP, Schwikowski M, Stohl A (2023) Revised historical Northern Hemisphere black carbon emissions based on inverse modeling of ice core records. Nature Communications, 14, 271.
  6. Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Pettit EC, Edwards JS, Fegyveresi JM, Sowers TA, Severinghaus JP, and Kahle EC (2023) Millennial and orbital-scale variability in a 54 000-year record of total air content from the South Pole ice core. The Cryosphere, 17, 4837–4851.
  7. Fang L, Jenk TM, Winski D, Kreutz K, Brooks HL, Erwin E, Osterberg E, Campbell S, Wake C, and Schwikowski M (2023) Early Holocene ice on the Begguya plateau (Mt. Hunter, Alaska) revealed by ice core 14C age constraints. The Cryosphere, 17, 4007–4020.
  8. Guillet S, Corona C, Oppenheimer C, Lavigne F, Khodri M, Ludlow F, Sigl M, Toohey M, Atkins PS, Yang Z, Muranaka T, Horikawa N, and Stoffel M (2023) Lunar eclipses illuminate timing and climate impact of medieval volcanism. Nature 616, 90–95.
  9. Jongebloed UA, Schauer AJ, Cole-Dai J, Larrick CG, Porter WC, Tashmim L, Zhai S, Salimi S, Edouard SR, Geng L, Alexander B (2023) Industrial-era decline in Arctic methanesulfonic acid is offset by increased biogenic sulfate aerosol. PNAS.
  10. Jones TR, Cuffey KM, Roberts WHG, Markle BR, Steig EJ, Max Stevens CM, Valdes PJ, Fudge TJ, Sigl M, Hughes AG, Morris V, Vaughn BH, Garland J, Vinther BM, Rozmiarek KS, Brashear CA, and White JWC (2023) Seasonal temperatures in West Antarctica during the Holocene. Nature 613, 292-297.
  11. Koffman BG, Goldstein SL, Winckler G, Kaplan MR, Bolge L, Biscaye P (2023) Abrupt changes in atmospheric circulation during the Medieval Climate Anomaly and Little Ice Age recorded by Sr-Nd isotopes in the Siple Dome ice core, Antarctica. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 38, e2022PA004543.
  12. Lin J, Abbott PM, Sigl M, Steffensen JP, Mulvaney R, Severi M, and Svensson A (2023) Bipolar ice-core records constrain possible dates and global radiative forcing following the ∼74 ka Toba eruption. Quaternary Science Reviews, 312, 1-10.
  13. Piva SB, Barker SJ, Iverson NA, Winton VHL, Bertler NAN, Sigl M, Wilson CJN, Dunbar NW, Kurbatov AV, Carter L, Charlier BLA, Newnham RM (2023) Volcanic glass from the 1.8 ka Taupō eruption (New Zealand) detected in Antarctic ice at ~ 230 CE. Scientific Reports, 13, 16720.
  14. Plunkett G, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Pilcher JR, and Chellman NJ (2023) The significance of volcanic ash in Greenland ice cores during the Common Era. Quaternary Science Reviews, 301, 107936, 1-24.
  15. Riddell-Young B, Rosen J, Brook E, Buizert C, Martin K, Lee J, Edwards J, Muhl M, Schmitt J, Fischer H, and Blunier T (2023) Atmospheric methane variability through the Last Glacial Maximum and deglaciation mainly controlled by tropical sources. Nature Geoscience.
  16. Sinnl G, Adolphi F, Christl M, Welten KC, Woodruff T, Caffee M, Svensson A, Muscheler R, and Rasmussen SO (2023) Synchronizing ice-core and U ∕ Th timescales in the Last Glacial Maximum using Hulu Cave 14C and new 10Be measurements from Greenland and Antarctica. Climate of the Past, 19, 1153-1175.
  17. Thomas ER, Vladimirova DO, Tetzner DR, Emanuelsson BD, Chellman N, Dixon DA, Goosse H, Grieman MM, King ACF, Sigl M, Udy DG, Vance TR, Winski DA, Winton VHL, Bertler NAN, Hori A, Laluraj CM, McConnell JR, Motizuki Y, Takahashi K, Motoyama H, Nakai Y, Schwanck F, Simões JC, Lindau FGL, Severi M, Traversi R, Wauthy S, Xiao C, Yang J, Mosely-Thompson E, Khodzher TV, Golobokova LP, and Ekaykin AA (2023) Ice core chemistry database: an Antarctic compilation of sodium and sulfate records spanning the past 2000 years. Earth System Science Data, 15, 2517-2532.
  18. Zhai S, Swanson W, McConnell JR, Chellman N, Opel T, Sigl M, Meyer H, Wang X, Jaeglé L, Stutz J, Dibb JE, Fujita K, Alexander B (2023) Implications of snowpack reactive bromine production for Arctic ice core bromine preservation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128, e2023JD039257.


  1. Banerjee A, Yeung LY, Murray LT, Tie X, Tierney JE, Legrande AN (2022) Clumped-isotope constraint on upper-tropospheric cooling during the Last Glacial Maximum. AGU Advances, 3, e2022AV000688, 1-15.
  2. Cao Y, Jiang Z, Alexander B, Cole-Dai J, Savarino J, Erbland J, and Geng L (2022) On the potential fingerprint of the Antarctic ozone hole in ice-core nitrate isotopes: a case study based on a South Pole ice core. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 22, 13407-13422.
  3. Faïn X, Rhodes RH, Place P, Petrenko VV, Fourteau K, Chellman N, Crosier E, McConnell JR, Brook EJ, Blunier T, Legrand M, Chappellaz J (2022) Northern Hemisphere atmospheric history of carbon monoxide since preindustrial times reconstructed from multiple Greenland ice cores. Climate of the Past, 18, 631-647,
  4. Hu J, Yan Y, Yeung LY, and Dee SG (2022) Sublimation origin of negative deuterium excess observed in snow and ice samples from McMurdo Dry Valleys and Allan Hills Blue Ice Areas, East Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD035950.
  5. Markle BR and Steig E J (2022) Improving temperature reconstructions from ice-core water-isotope records. Climate of the Past, 18, 1321-1368.
  6. Morgan JD, Buizert C, Fudge TJ, Kawamura K, Severinghaus JP, Trudinger CM (2022) Gas isotope thermometry in the South Pole and Dome Fuji ice cores provides evidence for seasonal rectification of ice core gas records. The Cryosphere, 16, 2947-2966.
  7. Shin J, Ahn J, Chowdhry Beeman J, Lee H-G, Seo JM, Brook EJ (2022) Millennial variations in atmospheric CO2 during the early Holocene (11.7–7.4 ka). Climate of the Past, 18, 2063-2075.
  8. Sigl M, Toohey M, McConnell JR, Cole-Dai J, and Severi M (2022) Volcanic stratospheric sulfur injections and aerosol optical depth during the Holocene (past 11 500 years) from a bipolar ice-core array. Earth System Science Data, 14, 3167-3196.


  1. Abbott PM, Plunkett G, Corona C, Chellman NJ, McConnell JR, Pilcher JR, Stoffel M, Sigl M (2021) Cryptotephra from the Icelandic Veiðivötn 1477 CE eruption in a Greenland ice core: confirming the dating of volcanic events in the 1450s CE and assessing the eruption's climatic impact. Climate of the Past, 17, 565-585.
  2. Abbott PM, Niemeier U, Timmreck C, Riede F, McConnell JR, Severi M, Fischer H, Svensson A, Toohey M, Reinig F, SigL (2021) Volcanic climate forcing preceding the inception of the Younger Dryas: Implications for tracing the Laacher See eruption. Quaternary Science Reviews, 274.
  3. Bauska TK, Marcott SA, Brook EJ (2021) Abrupt changes in the global carbon cycle during the last glacial period. Nature Geoscience, 14, 91–96.
  4. Buizert C, Fudge TJ, Roberts WHG, Steig EJ, Sherriff-Tadano S, Ritz C, Lefebvre E, Edwards J, Kawamura K, Oyabu I, Motoyama H, Kahle EC, Jones TR, Abe-Ouchi A, Obase T, Martin C, Corr H, Severinghaus JP, Beaudette R, Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Martin K, Chappellaz J, Aoki S, Nakazawa T, Sowers TA, Alley RB, Ahn J, Sigl M, Severi M, Dunbar NW, Svensson A, Fegyveresi JM, He C, Liu Z, Zhu J, Otto-Bliesner BL, Lipenkov VY, Kageyama M, Schwander J (2021) Antarctic surface temperature and elevation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science, 372(6546), 1097-1101.
  5. Casto-Boggess LD, Golozar M, Butterworth AL, Mathies RA (2021) Optimization of Fluorescence Labeling of Trace Analytes: Application to Amino Acid Biosignature Detection with Pacific Blue. Analytical Chemistry, 1-8.
  6. Cole-Dai J, Ferris DG, Kennedy JA, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Fudge TJ, Geng L, Maselli OJ, Taylor KC, Souney JM (2021) Comprehensive record of volcanic eruptions in the Holocene (11,000 years) from the WAIS Divide, Antarctica ice core. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD032855.
  7. Goddard PB, Tabor CR, Jones TR (2021) Utilizing Ice Core and Climate Model Data to Understand Seasonal West Antarctic Variability. Journal of Climate, 1-55.
  8. Kahle EC, Steig EJ, Jones TR, Fudge TJ, Koutnik MR, Morris VA, Vaughn BR, Schauer AJ, Stevens CM, Conway H, Waddington ED, Buizert C, Epifanio J, White JWC (2021) Reconstruction of temperature, accumulation rate, and layer thinning from an ice core at South Pole, using a statistical inverse method. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD033300.
  9. Koffman BG, Goldstein SL, Winckler G, Kaplan MR, Kreutz KJ, Bolge L, Bory A, Biscaye P (2021) Late Holocene dust provenance at Siple Dome, Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews, 274, 107271.
  10. Liu P, Kaplan J, Mickley LJ, Li Y, Chellman NJ, Arienzo MM, Kodros JK, Pierce JR, Sigl M, Freitag J, Mulvaney R, Curran MAJ, McConnell JR (2021) Improved estimates of preindustrial biomass burning reduce the magnitude of aerosol climate forcing in the Southern Hemisphere. Science Advances, 7(22), eabc1379.
  11. Lewis G, Osterberg E, Hawley R, Marshall HP, Meehan T, Graeter K, McCarthy F, Overly T, Thundercloud Z, Ferris D, Koffman BG, Dibb J (2021) Atmospheric blocking drives recent albedo change across the western Greenland ice sheet percolation zone. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL092814.
  12. McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, Mulvaney R, Eckhardt S, Stohl A, Plunkett G, Kipfstuhl S, Freitag J, Isaksson E, Gleason KE, Brugger SO, McWethy DB , Abram NJ, Liu P, Aristarain AJ (2021) Hemispheric black carbon increase after the 13th-century Māori arrival in New Zealand. Nature 598, 82–85.
  13. Osman MB, Coats S, Das SB, McConnell JR, Chellman N (2021) North Atlantic jet stream projections in the context of the past 1,250 years. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Sep 2021, 118 (38) e2104105118.
  14. Osman MB, Smith BE, Trusel LD, Das SB, McConnell JR, Chellman N, Arienzo M, Sodemann H (2021) Abrupt Common Era hydroclimate shifts drive west Greenland ice cap change. Nature Geoscience.
  15. Shackleton S, Menking JA, Brook E, Buizert C, Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV, Baggenstos D, Severinghaus JP (2021) Evolution of mean ocean temperature in Marine Isotope Stage 4. Climate of the Past, 17, 2273-2289.
  16. Souney J, Twickler M, Aydin M, Steig E, Fudge T, Street L, Nicewonger MR, Kahle EC, Johnson JA, Kuhl TW, Casey KA, Fegyveresi JM, Nunn RM, Hargreaves G (2021) Core handling, transportation and processing for the South Pole ice core (SPICEcore) project. Annals of Glaciology, 1-13.
  17. Steig EJ, Jones TR, Schauer AJ, Kahle EC, Morris VA, Vaughn BH, Davidge L, White JWC (2021) Continuous-Flow Analysis of δ17O, δ18O, and δD of H2O on an Ice Core from the South Pole. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9:640292, 1-14.
  18. Stolper DA, Bender ML, Dreyfus GB, Yan Y, Higgins JA (2021) A Pleistocene ice core record of atmospheric O2 concentrations. Science, 353(6306), 1427-1430.
  19. Winski DA, Osterberg EC, Kreutz KJ, Ferris DG, Cole‐Dai J, Thundercloud Z, Huang J, Alexander B, Jaeglé L, Kennedy JA, Larrick C, Kahle EC, Steig EJ, Jones TR (2021) Seasonally‐Resolved Holocene Sea Ice Variability Inferred from South Pole Ice Core Chemistry. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091602.
  20. Zhai S, Wang X, McConnell JR, Geng L, Cole-Dai J, Sigl M, Chellman N, Sherwen T, Pound R, Fujita K, Hattori S, Moch JM, Zhu L, Evans M, Legrand M, Liu P, Pasteris D, Chan Y-C, Murray LT, Alexander B (2021) Anthropogenic impacts on tropospheric reactive chlorine since the preindustrial. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL093808.


  1. Abbott PM, Plunkett G, Corona C, Chellman NJ, McConnell JR, Pilcher JR, Stoffel M, and Sigl M (2020) Cryptotephra from the Icelandic Veiðivötn 1477 CE eruption in a Greenland ice core: confirming the dating of 1450s CE volcanic events and assessing the eruption's climatic impact. Climate of the Past.
  2. Aydin M, Britten GL, Montzka SA, Buizert C, Primeau FW, Petrenko VV, Battle MO, Nicewonger MR, Patterson J, Hmiel B, Saltzman ES (2020) Anthropogenic impacts on atmospheric carbonyl sulfide since the 19th century inferred from polar firn air and ice core measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD033074.
  3. Blong RJ and Kurbatov AV (2020) Steps and missteps on the path to a 1665-1668 CE date for the VEI 6 eruption of Long Island, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 395, 106828.
  4. Chellman N, Csank A, Sexauer Gustin M, Arienzo MM, Vargas Estrada M, McConnell JR (2020) Comparison of co-located ice-core and tree-ring mercury records indicates potential radial translocation of mercury in whitebark pine. Science of The Total Environment, 743, 15 November 2020, 140695.
  5. Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV, Smith AM, Hua Q, Yang B, Schmitt J, Beck J, Seth B, Bock M, Hmiel B, Vimont I, Menking JA, Shackleton SA, Baggenstos D, Bauska TK, Rhodes RH, Sperlich P, Beaudette R, Harth C, Kalk M, Brook EJ, Fischer H, Severinghaus JP, Weiss RF (2020) Old carbon reservoirs were not important in the deglacial methane budget. Science, 367, 907-910.
  6. Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Edwards JS, Sowers TA, Kahle EC, Severinghaus JP, Steig EJ, Winski DA, Osterberg EC, Fudge TJ, Aydin M, Hood E, Kalk M, Kreutz KJ, Ferris DG, and Kennedy JA (2020) The SP19 chronology for the South Pole Ice Core – Part 2: gas chronology, Δage, and smoothing of atmospheric records. Climate of the Past, 16, 2431-2444.
  7. Fudge TJ, Lilien DA, Koutnik M, Conway H, Stevens CM, Waddington ED, Steig EJ, Schauer AJ, Holschuh N (2020) Advection and non-climate impacts on the South Pole Ice Core. Climate of the Past, 16, 819-832.
  8. Goldstein SJ and Denton JS (2020) Ice ages: Evidence for past melting at the base of the GISP2 ice core from uranium-thorium disequilibria dating. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 548.
  9. Gura C and Rogers SO (2020) Metatranscriptomic and Metagenomic Analysis of Biological Diversity in Subglacial Lake Vostok (Antarctica). Biology, 9(3), 55, 1-20.
  10. Hmiel B, Petrenko VV, Dyonisius MN, Buizert C, Smith AM, Place PF, Harth C, Beaudette R, Hua Q, Yang B, Vimont I, Michel SE, Severinghaus JP, Etheridge D, Bromley T, Schmitt J, Faïn X, Weiss RF, Dlugokencky E (2020) Preindustrial 14CH4 indicates greater anthropogenic fossil CH4 emissions. Nature, 578, 409-413.
  11. Kaspari SD, Pittenger D, Jenk TM, Morgenstern U, Schwikowski M, Buenning N, Stott L (2020) Twentieth Century Black Carbon and Dust Deposition on South Cascade Glacier, Washington State, USA as Reconstructed from a 158 m Long Ice Core. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031126.
  12. McConnell JR, Sigl M, Plunkett G, Burke A, Kim WM, Raible CC, Wilson AI, JG Manning, Ludlow F, NJ Chellman, HM Innes, Yang Z, Larsen JF, Schaefer JR, Kipfstuhl S, Mojtabavi S, Wilhelms F, Opel T, Meyer H, Steffensen JP (2020) Extreme climate after massive eruption of Alaska’s Okmok volcano in 43 BCE and effects on the late Roman Republic and Ptolemaic Kingdom. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 202002722.
  13. Nicewonger MR, Aydin M, Prather MJ and Saltzman ES (2020) Extracting a history of global fire emissions for the past millennium from ice core records of acetylene, ethane, and methane. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD032932.
  14. Nicewonger MR, Aydin M, Prather MJ and Saltzman ES (2020) Reconstruction of paleofire emissions over the past millennium from measurements of ice core acetylene. Geophysical Research Letters 47, e2019GL085101.
  15. Plunkett G, Sigl M, Pilcher JR, McConnell JR, Chellman N, Steffensen J, Büntgen U (2020) Smoking guns and volcanic ash: the importance of sparse tephras in Greenland ice cores. Polar Research, 39.
  16. Smith VC, Costa A, Aguirre-Díaz G, Pedrazzi D, Scifo A, Plunkett G, Poret M, Tournigand P-Y, Miles D, Dee MW, McConnell JR, Sunyé-Puchol I, Harris PD, Sigl M, Pilcher JR, Chellman N, Gutiérrez E (2020) The magnitude and impact of the 431 CE Tierra Blanca Joven eruption of Ilopango, El Salvador. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 202003008.
  17. Winsor K, Swanger KM, Babcock E, Valletta RD, and Dickson JL (2020) Rock glacier characteristics serve as an indirect record of multiple alpine glacier advances in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 14, 1-16,


  1. Aarons SM, Aciego SM, McConnell JR, Delmonte B, Baccolo G (2019) Dust transport to the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, during the last interglacial. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 2261- 2270.
  2. Baker I (2019) Microstructural characterization of snow, firn and ice. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 377, 2146,
  3. Burke A, Moore KA, Sigl M, Nita DC, McConnell JR, Adkins JF (2019) Stratospheric eruptions from tropical and extra-tropical volcanoes constrained using high-resolution sulfur isotopes in ice cores. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 521, 113-119.
  4. Fegyveresi J, Alley R, Voigt D, Fitzpatrick J, Wilen L (2019) Instruments and methods: A case study of ice core bubbles as strain indicators. Annals of Glaciology, 60(78), 8-19.
  5. Fegyveresi JM, Fudge TJ, Ferris DG, Winski DA, Alley RB (2019) Visual Observations and Stratigraphy of the South Pole Ice Core (SPICEcore): A Preliminary Holocene (~10.2 ka) Accumulation Record and Depth-Age Chronology. ERDC/CRREL TR-19-10, 1-44.
  6. Hartman LH, Kurbatov AV, Winski DA, Cruz-Uribe AM, Davies SM, Dunbar NW, Iverson NA, Aydin M, Fegyveresi JM, Ferris DG, Fudge TJ, Osterberg EC, Hargreaves GM, and Yates MG (2019) Volcanic glass properties from 1459 C.E. volcanic event in South Pole ice core dismiss Kuwae caldera as a potential source. Scientific Reports, 9:14437, 1-7.
  7. Lee MJ, Kyle PR, Iverson NA, Lee JI, Han Y (2019) Rittmann volcano, Antarctica as the source of a widespread 1252±2 CE tephra layer in Antarctica ice. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 521, 169-176.
  8. McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, Wilson AI, Stohl A, Arienzo MM, Eckhardt S, Fritzsche D, Kipfstuhl S, Opel T, Place PF, Steffensen JP(2019) Pervasive Arctic lead pollution suggests substantial growth in medieval silver production modulated by plague, climate, and conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1-6.
  9. Osman MB, Das SB, Trusel LD, Evans MJ, Fischer H, Grieman MM, Kipfstuhl S, McConnell JR, Saltzman ES (2019) Industrial-era decline in subarctic Atlantic productivity. Nature, 569, 551–555.
  10. Swanger KM, Babcock E, Winsor K, Valletta RD (2019) Rock glaciers in Pearse Valley, Antarctica record outlet and alpine glacier advance from MIS 5 through the Holocene. Geomorphology, 336, 40-51,
  11. Winski DA, Fudge TJ, Ferris DG, Osterberg EC, Fegyveresi JM, Cole-Dai J, Thundercloud Z, Cox TS, Kreutz KJ, Ortman N, Buizert C, Epifanio J, Brook EJ, Beaudette R, Severinghaus J, Sowers T, Steig EJ, Kahle EC, Jones TR, Morris V, Aydin M, Nicewonger MR, Casey KA, Alley RB, Waddington ED, Iverson NA, Dunbar NW, Bay RC, Souney JM, Sigl M and McConnell JR (2019) The SP19 chronology for the South Pole Ice Core -- Part 1: volcanic matching and annual layer counting. Climate of the Past, 15(5), 1793-1808.
  12. Yan Y, Bender ML, Brook EJ, Clifford HM, Kemeny PC, Kurbatov AV, Mackay S, Mayewski PA, Ng J, Severinghaus JP, and Higgins JA (2019) Two-million-year-old snapshots of atmospheric gases from Antarctic ice. Nature, 574, 663–666.
  13. Yeung LY, Murray LT, Martinerie P, Witrant E, Hu H, Banerjee A, Orsi A, Chappellaz J (2019) Isotopic constraint on the twentieth-century increase in tropospheric ozone. Nature, 570, 224–227.


  1. Bereiter B, Kawamura K, Severinghaus JP (2018) New methods for measuring atmospheric heavy noble gas isotope and elemental ratios in ice core samples. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, 32, 801-814,
  2. Bereiter B, Shackleton S, Baggenstos D, Kawamura K, Severinghaus J (2018) Mean global ocean temperatures during the last glacial transition. Nature, 553, 39-44,
  3. Brook E, Buizert C (2018) Antarctic and global climate history viewed from ice cores. Nature, 558, 200-208,
  4. Buizert C, Keisling BA, Box JE, He F, Carlson AE, Sinclair G, and DeConto RM (2018) Greenland-wide seasonal temperatures during the last deglaciation. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 1905-1914,
  5. Buizert C, Sigl M, Severi M, Markle BR, Wettstein JJ, McConnell JR, Pedro JB, Sodemann H, Goto-Azuma K, Kawamura K, Fujita S, Motoyama H, Hirabayashi M, Uemura R, Stenni B, Parrenin F, He F, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ (2018) Abrupt ice-age shifts in southern westerly winds and Antarctic climate forced from the north. Nature, 563, 681-685.
  6. Cole-Dai J, Peterson KM, Kennedy JA, Cox TS, and Ferris DG (2018) Evidence of Influence of Human Activities and Volcanic Eruptions on Environmental Perchlorate from a 300-Year Greenland Ice Core Record. Environmental Science & Technology Article ASAP.
  7. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Muto A, Orsi AJ, and Spencer MK (2018) Surface formation, preservation, and history of low-porosity crusts at the WAIS Divide site, West Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 12, 325-341.
  8. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Voigt DE, Fitzpatrick JJ, Wilen, LA (2018) Instruments and methods: A case study of ice core bubbles as strain indicators. Annals of Glaciology, 1-12.
  9. Jones TR, Roberts WHG, Steig EJ, Cuffey KM, Markle BR, and White JWC (2018) Southern Hemisphere climate variability forced by Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet topography. Nature, 554, 351–355,
  10. Kahle EC, Holme C, Jones TR, Gkinis V, and Steig EJ (2018) A Generalized Approach to Estimating Diffusion Length of Stable Water Isotopes from Ice‐Core Data. J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf. Earth Surface, 123.
  11. Lilien DA, Fudge TJ, Koutnik MR, Conway H, Osterberg EC, Ferris DG, Waddington ED and Stevens MC (2018) Holocene ice‐flow speedup in the vicinity of the South Pole. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 6557–6565.
  12. Markle BR, Steig EJ, Roe GH, Winckler G, McConnell JR (2018) Concomitant variability in high-latitude aerosols, water isotopes and the hydrologic cycle. Nature Geoscience, 11, 853-859,
  13. Nicewonger MR, Aydin M, Prather MJ, Saltzman ES (2018) Large changes in biomass burning over the last millennium inferred from paleoatmospheric ethane in polar ice cores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(49), 12413-12418.
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  18. Winski D, Osterberg E, Kreutz K, Wake C, Ferris D, Campbell S, Baum M, Bailey A, Birkel S, Introne D, Handley M (2018) A 400‐year ice core melt layer record of summertime warming in the Alaska Range. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 3594–3611.


  1. Aarons SM, Aciego SM, Arendt CA, Blakowski MA, Steigmeyer A, Gabrielli P, Sierra-Hernandez MR, Beaudon E, Delmonte B, Baccolo G, May NW and Pratt KA (2017) Dust composition changes from Taylor Glacier (East Antarctica) during the last glacial-interglacial transition: A multi-proxy approach. Quaternary Science Reviews, 162, 60-71.
  2. Arienzo MM, McConnell JR, Murphy LN, Chellman N, Das S, Kipfstuhl S and Mulvaney R (2017) Holocene black carbon in Antarctica paralleled Southern Hemisphere climate. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 6713–6728.
  3. Chan W, Mah M, Bay R and Talghader J (2017) Long-wavelength optical logging for high-resolution detection of ash layers in glacier ice. Journal of Glaciology,63(237), 17-21.
  4. Chellman N, McConnell JR, Arienzo M, Pederson GT, Aarons SM and Csank A (2017) Reassessment of the Upper Fremont Glacier Ice-Core Chronologies by Synchronizing of Ice-Core-Water Isotopes to a Nearby Tree-Ring Chronology. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(8), 4230-4238.
  5. D'Andrilli J, Foreman CM, Sigl M, Priscu JC and McConnell JR (2017) A 21 000-year record of fluorescent organic matter markers in the WAIS Divide ice core. Clim. Past, 13, 533-544.
  6. D’Andrilli J, Smith HJ, Dieser M, Foreman CM (2017) Climate driven carbon and microbial signatures through the last ice age. Geochemical Perspectives Letters, 4, 29-34.
  7. Dunbar NW, Iverson NA, Van Eaton AR, Sigl M, Alloway BV, Kurbatov AV, Mastin LG, McConnell JR and Wilson CJN (2017) New Zealand supereruption provides time marker for the Last Glacial Maximum in Antarctica. Scientific Reports, 7:12238.
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  10. Jones TR, Cuffey KM, White JWC, Steig EJ, Buizert C, Markle BR, McConnell JR and Sigl M (2017) Water Isotope Diffusion in the WAIS Divide Ice Core During the Holocene and Last Glacial. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 122, 290–309.
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  15. Markle BR, Steig EJ, Buizert C, Schoenemann SW, Bitz CM, Fudge TJ, Pedro JB, Ding Q, Jones TR, White JWC and Sowers T (2017) Global atmospheric teleconnections during Dansgaard-Oeschger events. Nature Geoscience, 10, 36-40.
  16. Maselli OJ, Chellman NJ, Grieman M, Layman L, McConnell JR, Pasteris D, Rhodes RH, Saltzman E, and Sigl M (2017) Sea ice and pollution-modulated changes in Greenland ice core methanesulfonate and bromine. Climate of the Past, 13, 39-59.
  17. McConnell JR, Burke A, Dunbar NW, Kohler P, Thomas JL, Arienzo MM, Chellman NJ, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Adkins JF, Baggenstos D, Burkhart JF, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Cole-Dai J, Fudge TJ, Knorr G, Graf H-F, Grieman MM, Iverson N, McGwire KC, Mulvaney R, Paris G, Rhodes RH, Saltzman ES, Severinghaus JP, Steffensen JP, Taylor KC and Winckler G (2017) Synchronous volcanic eruptions and abrupt climate change ∼17.7 ka plausibly linked by stratospheric ozone depletion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(38), 10035-10040.
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  1. Aarons SM, Aciego SM, Gabrielli P, Delmonte B, Koornneef JM, Uglietti C, Wegner A, Blakowski MA and Bouman C (2016) Ice core record of dust sources in the western United States over the last 300 years. Chemical Geology, 442, 160-173.
  2. Aizen EM, Aizen VB, Takeuchi N, Mayewski PA, Grigholm B, Joswiak DR, Nikitin SA, Fujita K, Nakawo M, Zapf A and Schwikowski M (2016) Abrupt and moderate climate changes in the mid-latitudes of Asia during the Holocene. Journal of Glaciology, 62(233), 411-439.
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  8. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Fitzpatrick JJ, Cuffey KM, McConnell JR, Voigt DE, Spencer MK and Stevens NT (2016) Five millennia of surface temperatures and ice-core bubble characteristics from the WAIS Divide deep core, West Antarctica. Paleoceanography.
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  14. Klein ES, Nolan M, McConnell J, Sigl M, Cherry J, Young J and Welker JM (2016) McCall Glacier record of Arctic climate change: Interpreting a northern Alaska ice core with regional water isotopes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 131, 274-284.
  15. Koutnik M, Fudge TJ, Conway H, Waddington Ed, Neumann T, Cuffey K, Buizert C and Taylor K (2016) Holocene accumulation and ice flow near the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide ice-core site. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 121.
  16. Legrand M, McConnell J, Fischer H, Wolff EW, Preunkert S, Arienzo M, Chellman N, Leuenberger D, Maselli O, Place P, Sigl M, Schüpbach S, and Flannigan M (2016) Boreal fire records in Northern Hemisphere ice cores: a review. Climate of the Past, 12, 2033-2059.
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  18. Pedro JB, Martin T, Steig EJ, Jochum M, Park W and Rasmussen SO (2016) Southern Ocean deep convection as a driver of Antarctic warming events. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2192-2199.
  19. Rhodes RH, Fain X, Brook EJ, McConnell JR, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Edwards J, Buizert C, Blunier T, Chappellaz J and Freitag J (2016) Local artifacts in ice core methane records caused by layered bubble trapping and in situ production: a multi-site investigation. Climate of the Past, 12, 1061-1077.
  20. Sambrotto R and Burckle L (2016) The Nature and Likely Sources of Biogenic Particles Found in Ancient Ice from Antarctica. Life In Ancient Ice, 94
  21. Santibanez PA, McConnell JR and Priscu JC (2016) A flow cytometric method to measure prokaryotic records in ice cores: an example from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide drilling site. Journal of Glaciology, 62(234), 655-673.
  22. Schaefer JM, Finkel RC, Balco G, Alley RB, Caffee MW, Briner JP, Young NE, Gow AJ and Schwartz R (2016) Greenland was nearly ice-free for extended periods during the Pleistocene. Nature, 540, 252-255.
  23. Sigl M, Ferris D, Fudge TJ, Winstrup M, Cole-Dai J, McConnell JR, Taylor KC, Welten KC, Woodruff TE, Adolphi F, Brook EJ, Bisiaux M, Buizert C, Caffee MW, Dunbar N, Edwards R, Geng L, Iverson N, Koffman B, Layman L, Maselli OJ, McGwire K, Muscheler R, Nishiizumi K, Pasteris DR, Rhodes RH and Sowers TA (2016) The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology - Part 2: Annual-layer counting (0-31 ka BP). Climate of the Past, 12, 769-786.
  24. Taylor K (2016), Introduction to special section on the WAIS Divide Special Issue of Paleoceanography. Paleoceanography, 31, 1474–1478.
  25. Yau AM, Bender ML, Robinson A and Brook EJ (2016) Reconstructing the last interglacial at Summit, Greenland: Insights from GISP2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(35), 9710–9715.


  1. Bauska TK, Joos F, Mix AC, Roth R, Ahn J and Brook EJ (2015) Links between atmospheric carbon dioxide, the land carbon reservoir and climate over the past millennium. Nature Geoscience, 8, 383-387.
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  9. Mekhaldi F, Muscheler R, Adolphi F, Aldahan A, Beer J, McConnell JR, Possnert G, Sigl M, Svensson A, Synal H-A, Welten KC and Woodruff TE (2015) Multiradionuclide evidence for the solar origin of the cosmic-ray events of AD 774/5 and 993/4. Nature Communications, 6:8611.
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  13. Pedro JB, Bostock HC, Bitz CM, He F, Vandergoes MJ, Steig EJ, Chase BM, Krause CE, Rasmussen SO, Markle BR and Cortese G (2015) The spatial extent and dynamics of the Antarctic Cold Reversal. Nature Geoscience, 9, 51-56.
  14. Peterson K, Cole-Dai J, Brandis D, Cox T, and Splett S (2015) Rapid measurement of perchlorate in polar ice cores down to sub-ng L−1 levels without pre-concentration. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 407, 7965-7972.
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  16. Sigl M, Winstrup M, McConnell JR, Welten KC, Plunkett G, Ludlow F, Büntgen U, Caffee M, Chellman N, Dahl-Jensen D, Fischer H, Kipfstuhl S, Kostick C, Maselli OJ, Mekhaldi F, Mulvaney R, Muscheler R, Pasteris DR, Pilcher JR, Salzer M, Schüpbach S, Steffensen JP, Vinther BM and Woodruff TE (2015) Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. Nature.
  17. Sneed SB, Mayewski PA, Sayre WG, Handley MJ, Kurbatov AV, Taylor KC, Bohleber P, Wagenbach D, Erhardt T and Spaulding NE (2015) New LA-ICP-MS cryocell and calibration technique for sub-millimeter analysis of ice cores. Journal of Glaciology, 61(226), 233-242.
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  1. Ahn J and Brook EJ (2014) Siple Dome ice reveals two modes of millennial CO2 change during the last ice age. Nature Communications, 5:3723, 1-6.
  2. Ahn J, Brook EJ and Buizert C (2014) Response of atmospheric CO2 to the abrupt cooling event 8200 years ago. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(2), 604-609.
  3. Aydin M, Fudge TJ, Verhulst KR, Nicewonger MR, Waddington ED and Saltzman ES (2014) Carbonyl sulfide hydrolysis in Antarctic ice cores and an atmospheric history for the last 8000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 119(13), 8500-8514.
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  12. Koffman BG, Kreutz KJ, Breton DJ, Kane EJ, Winski DA, Birkel SD, Kurbatov AV and Handley MJ (2014) Centennial-scale variability of the Southern Hemisphere westerly wind belt in the eastern Pacific over the past two millennia. Climate of the Past, 10, 1125-1144.
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  17. McConnell JR, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Vallelonga P, Neumann T, Anschutz H, Bales RC, Curran MAJ, Das SB, Edwards R, Kipfstuhl S, Layman L and Thomas ER (2014) Antarctic-wide array of high-resolution ice core records reveals pervasive lead pollution began in 1889 and persists today. Scientific Reports, 4, 5848.
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