Taylor Dome

General Information

Taylor Dome is an ice dome west of the Transantarctic Mountains on the polar plateau of East Antarctica.

The 554 m deep Taylor Dome ice core (ICF Core ID: Taylor Dome M3C1) was recovered in 1993/94 using the PICO 132 mm drill in an n-butyl-acetate filled hole. The core was drilled to bedrock and basal sediment (60 mm) and rock debris were also recovered. Actual drilling took 17days, working around the clock (Bentley and Koci, 2007). Two shallow cores were also collected, and the archive from both shallow cores is not continuous.

Data
  • Taylor Dome ice core data archived at the USAP Data Center
  • Taylor Dome ice core data archived at NOAA
Publications
  • Aarons SM, Aciego SM, McConnell JR, Delmonte B, Baccolo G (2019) Dust transport to the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, during the last interglacial, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 2261- 2270. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL081887
  • Aciego SM, Cuffey KM, Kavanaugh JL, Morse DL, Severinghaus JP (2007) Pleistocene ice and paleo-strain rates at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, Quaternary Research, 68, 3, 303-313, doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2007.07.013
  • Clow GD and Waddington ED (1996) Acquisition of borehole temperature measurements from Taylor Dome and the Dry Valleys for paleoclimate reconstruction. Antarctic Journal of the United States 31: 71-72.
  • Clow GD, Saltus RW, Waddington ED (1996) New high-precision borehole-temperature logging system used at GISP2, Greenland, and Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology 42: 576-584.
  • Cressie N (1998) Transect-spacing design of ice cores on the Antarctic continent. The Canadian Journal of Statistics 26: 405-418.
  • Dunbar NW, Zielinski GA, and Voisin DT (2003) Tephra layers in the Siple Dome and Taylor Dome ice cores, Antarctica: Sources and correlations, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B8), 2374, doi:10.1029/2002JB002056
  • Fischer H, Wahlen M, Smith J, Mastoianni D, Deck B. (1999) Ice core records of atmospheric CO2 around the last three glacial terminations. Science 283: 1712-1714.
  • Fitzpatrick J (1994) Physical properties of the Taylor Dome ice core. EOS Transactions 75 (44): 225.
  • Fitzpatrick JJ (1994) Preliminary report on the physical and stratigraphic properties of the Taylor Dome ice core. Antarct. J. U.S., 29(5), Review 1994, 84–86.
  • Grootes PM, Steig EJ, Massey C (1991) "Taylor Ice-Dome" study: reconnaissance 1990-1991. Antarctic Journal of the United States 26: 69-71.
  • Grootes PM, Steig EJ (1992) Taylor Dome ice-core study. Antarctic Journal of the United States 27: 57-58.
  • Grootes PM, Steig EJ, Stuiver M (1994) Taylor Ice-Dome Study 1993/1994: An ice core to bedrock. Antarctic Journal of the United States 29: 79-81.
  • Grootes PM, Steig EJ, Stuiver M, Waddington ED, Morse DL (1994) A new ice core record from Taylor Dome, Antarctica. EOS Transactions 75 225.
  • Grootes PM, Steig EJ, Stuiver M, Waddington ED, Morse DL, Nadeau M (2001) The Taylor Dome Antarctic 18O Record and Globally Synchronous Changes in Climate. Quaternary Research, 56(3), 289-298. doi:10.1006/qres.2001.2276
  • Hawley R, Waddington E, Morse D, Dunbar N, and Zielinski G (2002) Dating firn cores by vertical strain measurements. Journal of Glaciology, 48(162), 401-406. https://doi.org/10.3189/172756502781831250
  • Hodell DA, Kanfoush SL, Shemesh A, Crosta X, Charles CD, Guilderson TP (2001) Abrupt Cooling of Antarctic Surface Waters and Sea Ice Expansion in the South Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean at 5000 cal yr B.P. Quaternary Research 56: 191-198.
  • Indermühle A, Stocker TF, Joos F, Fischer H, Smith HJ, Wahlen M, Deck M, Mastroianni D, Tschumi J, Blunier T, Meyer R, Stauffer B. (1999) Holocene carbon-cycle dynamics based on CO2 trapped in ice at Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Nature 398: 121-126. https://doi.org/10.1038/18158
  • Malaize B, Bender ML, Luz B, Sucher C, Grootes PM, Steig EJ (1994) Chronology of the Taylor Dome ice core based on the del 18-O of O2 in trapped air. EOS Transactions 75: 226.
  • Mayewski PA, Twickler MS, Whitlow SI, Meeker LD, Yang Q, Thomas J, Kreutz K, Grootes PM, Morse DL, Steig EJ, Waddington ED, Saltzman E, Whung P-Y, Taylor K (1996) Climate Change During the Last Deglaciation in Antarctica. Science 272: 1636-1638.
  • Morse DL, Waddington ED (1992) Glacier geophysical studies for an ice-core site at Taylor Dome: year two. Antarctic Journal of the United States 27: 59-61.
  • Morse DL, Waddington ED (1993) Glacier geophysical studies for an ice core site at Taylor Dome: year three. Antarctic Journal of the United States 28 67-69.
  • Morse DL (1997) Glacier geophysics at Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Ph.D. thesis, Geophysics Program, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
  • Morse DL, Waddington ED, Steig EJ (1998) Ice age storm trajectories inferred from radar stratigraphy at Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters 25, 3383-3386.
  • Morse DL, Waddington ED, Marshall HP, Neumann TA, Steig EJ, Dibb JE, Winebrenner DP, Arthern RJ (1999) Accumulation Rate Measurements at Taylor Dome, East Antarctica: Techniques and Strategies for Mass Balance Measurements in Polar Environments. Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, 81(4), 683-694. http://www.jstor.org/stable/521506
  • Stager JC, Mayewski PA (1997) Abrupt early to mid-Holocene climate transition registered at the equator and the poles. Science 276: 1834-1836.
  • Steig EJ, Grootes PM (1994) First measurements of the solar modulation cycle in 10Be concentrations in Antarctica: implications for use of 10Be as an indicator of snow accumulation rates. EOS Transactions 75 213.
  • Steig EJ, Polissar P, Stuiver M (1995) Cosmogenic isotope concentrations at Taylor Dome. Antarctic Journal of the United States 30: 95-97.
  • Steig EJ (1996) Beryllium-10 in the Taylor Dome ice core: applications to Antarctic glaciology and paleoclimatology. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
  • Steig EJ, Polissar PJ, Stuiver M, Finkel RC, Grootes PM (1996) Large amplitude solar modulation cycles of 10-Be in Antarctica: implications for atmospheric mixing processes and interpretation of the ice core record. Geophysical Research Letters 25: 523-526.
  • Steig EJ (1997) How well can we parameterize past accumulation rates in polar ice sheets? Annals of Glaciology 25: 418-422.
  • Steig EJ, Brook EJ, White JWC, Sucher CM, Bender ML, Lehman SJ, Morse DL, Waddington ED, Clow GD (1998) Synchronous climate changes in Antarctica and the North Atlantic. Science 282 (5386), 92-95.
  • Steig EJ, Hart CP, White JWC, Cunningham WL, Davis MD, Saltzman ES. (1998) Changes in climate, ocean and ice sheet conditions in the Ross Embayment at 6 ka. Annals of Glaciology 27: 305-310.
  • Steig EJ, Morse DL, Waddington ED, Polissar PJ (1998) Using the sunspot cycle to date ice cores. Geophysical Research Letters 25: 163-166.
  • Steig EJ, Morse DL, Waddington ED, Stuiver M, Grootes PM, Mayewski PA, Twickler MS and Whitlow SI (2000) Wisconsinan and Holocene Climate History from an Ice Core at Taylor Dome, Western Ross Embayment, Antarctica, Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 82, 213–235, doi:10.1111/j.0435-3676.2000.00122.x
  • Stuiver M, Grootes PM (2000) GISP2 oxygen isotope ratios. Quaternary Research, 53(3), 277-284. https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.2000.2127
  • Verhulst KR, Aydin M and Saltzman ES (2013) Methyl chloride variability in the Taylor Dome ice core during the Holocene. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118(21), 12218-12228, doi:10.1002/2013JD020197
  • Waddington ED, Morse, DL, Balise MJ, Firestone J (1991) Glacier geophysical studies for an ice core site at Taylor Dome. Antarctic Journal of the United States 26: 71-73.
  • Waddington ED, Morse DL, Grootes PM, Steig EJ (1993) The connection between ice dynamics and paleoclimate from ice cores: a study of Taylor Dome, Antarctica. In Peltier WR, ed., Ice in the Climate System, NATO ASI Series I12: 499-516.
  • Waddington ED, Grootes PM, Denton GH, Drewry DJ (1994) Comment on "Antarctic drill extracts new core for climate studies" EOS 75: 573.
  • Waddington ED, Grootes PM, Denton GH, Drewry DJ (1994) Naming antarctic features to avoid ambiguity: name of Taylor/McMurdo Dome ice core site resolved. Antarctic Journal of the United States 29: 9-11.
  • Waddington ED, Morse DL (1994) Spatial variations of local climate at Taylor Dome, Antarctica: impications for paleoclimate from ice cores. Annals of Glaciology 20: 219-225.
  • Waddington ED, Morse DL, Clow GD (1994) Glacier geophysical studies at Taylor Dome: Year 4. Antarctic Journal of the United States 29: 82-84.
  • Waddington ED, Clow GD (1997) Warming in South Victoria Land, Antarctica, from borehole thermometry. EOS Transactions 78: F41.
  • White JWC, Steig EJ (1998) Timing is everything in a game of two hemispheres. Nature 394: 717-718.