Photo of ice core going through horizontal saw station


Below you will find links to sites dealing directly with ice cores, glaciers, and climate change.


Data Links   ||    Educational Sites   ||    Institutional Sites   ||     Organizations   ||    Projects


Data Links

  • Ice Core Data from the World Data Center
    - The World Data Center for Paleoclimatology maintains archives of ice core data from polar and low-latitude mountain glaciers and ice caps throughout the world. Proxy climate indicators include oxygen isotopes, methane concentrations, dust content, as well as many other parameters.
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
    - At the University of Colorado
  • U.S. Antarctic Program Data Center
    - The Center is funded by the NSF GEO Division of Polar Programs to manage data collected by U.S. funded scientists in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. It also serves as a National Antarctic Data Centre (NADC) in the framework of SCAR, and represents the U.S. in the SCAR Standing Committee on Antarctic Data Management
  • NOAA Paleoclimatology Program
    - Helps the World share scientific data and information related to climate system variability and predictability
  • National Centers for Environmental Information
    - Manages environmental data in the fields of marine geology and geophysics, paleoclimatology, solar-terrestrial physics, solid earth geophysics, and glaciology (snow and ice)
  • NSF Arctic Data Center
    - The Arctic Data Center is the primary data and software repository for the Arctic section of NSF Polar Programs
  • The Global Change Master Directory
    - A comprehensive source of information about satellite and in situ Earth science data, with broad coverage of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, oceans, solid earth, and biosphere
  • Cold Regions Bibliography Project
    - Bibliography Project of American Geological Institute on Cold Regions


Educational Sites

The following are some links to educational sites about ice cores, glaciers and climate change. Please let us know if you would like us to add your link.

  • EARTH: The Operators' Manual
    - On Sunday, April 10, 2011, PBS debuted a new kind of program on climate change. "EARTH: The Operators' Manual" dispenses with politics, polemics or punditry; instead, it presents an objective, accessible assessment of the Earth's problems and possibilities that will leave viewers informed, energized and optimistic. Host Richard Alley - a geologist, contributor to the United Nations panel on climate change and former oil company employee - leads the audience on this engaging one-hour special about climate change and sustainable energy. The program is available for teachers to download and use in class for one year after the PBS premiere.
  • Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) K-12 Education Resources
    - K-12 students and teachers are invited to explore the many learning and teaching resources available from CReSIS K-12 education page. You will find lesson ideas, maps, images, and updates about the research our team is doing. Opportunities for talks by scientists and other resources for science teachers will also be found here.
  • Climate Expeditions
    - Climate Expeditions it the home of the education and outreach program for the Ice Drilling Program Office. Our goal is to provide cutting-edge information based on current ice core research for educators, students and the public in a way that contributes to your classroom or informal science program efforts, and that provides data that is useful to decision-makers of all backgrounds. Our website name is inspired not only by the "extreme" travel undertaken by ice core drillers and climate scientists, but also for the mindful explorations undertaken by you, your students or your colleagues as you engage with the resources provided here.
  • NASA's Climate Kids
    - NASA's Climate Kids website brings the exciting science of climate change and sustainability to life, providing clear explanations for the big questions in climate science Targeting upper-elementary-aged children, the site includes interactive games, hands-on activities, and engaging articles that make climate science accessible and fun. With a special section for educators, Climate Kids is great for parents and teachers as well.
  • NASA: Global Climate Change - Vital Signs of the Planet
    - The mission of "Global Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet" is to provide the public with accurate and timely news and information about Earth's changing climate, along with current data and visualizations, presented from the unique perspective of NASA.
  • Classroom Antarctica
    - Enjoy using the ideas in Classroom Antarctica to stimulate your students' interest in real world applications for Science, Mathematics and Studies of Society and Environment. These activities can be used to enhance writing, literature, art, team building and creative thinking skills in your students as well. Put your students in the picture! Classroom Antarctica is aimed at Upper Primary and Lower Secondary levels (Years 5 to 8).
  • About the Cryosphere
    - The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) supports research into our world's frozen realms: the snow, ice, glaciers, frozen ground, and climate interactions that make up Earth's cryosphere. NSIDC manages and distributes scientific data, creates tools for data access, supports data users, performs scientific research, and educates the public about the cryosphere.
  • Warnings from the Ice
    - NOVA's coverage of Antarctic ice core research.
  • Snow Crystals
    - This site is all about snow crystals and snowflakes.
  • Mountain of Ice
    - NOVA follows a group of explorers and scientists as they scale Vinson Massif, Antarctica's highest peak, collecting snowfall data along the way to help determine Antarctic ice flow. Teacher's Guide
  • Willi Dansgaard: Frozen Annals - Greenland Ice Sheet Research
    - Willi Dansgaard has played a pivotal role in developing ice core research into one of the most powerful tools in present studies of past climate changes. In this book (which is available as a FREE pdf download), Willi Dansgaard gives his personal perspective on the history of ice core research from the pioneering years in the early 1950's until the successful termination of the NorthGRIP (Greenland) ice coring in 2004.
  • Chester C. Langway, Jr: The History of Early Polar Ice Cores
    - This report was prepared by Dr. Chester C. Langway, Jr., a former researcher at the Snow, Ice and Permafrost Research Establishment (SIPRE), Wilmette, IL, and the Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL), Hanover, NH, (1956-1975) and a former faculty member at the University at Buffalo (State University of New York) (1975-1994). During his years at SIPRE and CRREL, he participated in and was responsible for developing the SIPRE/CRREL field and laboratory ice core research program, the core sample storage responsibilities, and the scientific redistribution of ice core samples for external studies. During his last nine years at CRREL he also served as Chief, Snow and Ice Research Branch.


Institutional Sites

The following are links to institutional sites. If you know of other sites please let us know so we can add them.



  • U.S. Ice Drilling Program
    - The Ice Drilling Program Office (IDPO) and the Ice Drilling Design and Operations (IDDO) group, together known as IDPO-IDDO, were established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) starting in October 2008 to coordinate long-term and short-term planning in collaboration with the greater U.S ice science community, and to be the principle supplier of ice drilling and ice coring support and expertise for NSF-funded research.
  • National Science Foundation Division of Polar Programs
    - Home page of National Science Foundation Division of Polar Programs
  • United States Antarctic Program
    - Without interruption since 1956, Americans have been studying the Antarctic and its interactions with the rest of the planet. These investigators and supporting personnel make up the U.S. Antarctic Program, which carries forward the Nation's goals of supporting the Antarctic Treaty, fostering cooperative research with other nations, protecting the Antarctic environment, and developing measures to ensure only equitable and wise use of resources. The program comprises research by scientists selected from universities and other research institutions and operations and support by a contractor and other agencies of the U.S. Government. The National Science Foundation (the U.S. Government agency that promotes the progress of science) funds and manages the program. Approximately, 3,000 Americans are involved each year.
  • SCAR
    - Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
  • The Arctic Research Consortium of the United States
    - Information and Resources Regarding Research in the Arctic
  • Polar Research Board
    - National Academy of Sciences
  • The International Glaciological Society
    - Scientific society for those who study glaciers.
  • CH2M HILL Polar Services (CPS)
    - CH2M HILL Polar Services (CPS) is the National Science Foundation's Arctic Logistics Contractor. CPS provides a wide variety of services to NSF-funded researchers working in Arctic regions, including field camps and gear, communications, engineering, air charters, and cargo movement.
  • US Global Change Research Program
    - The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was established by Presidential Initiative in 1989 and mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 to "assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change."



The following are links to ice coring projects. If you know of other sites please let us know so we can add them.

  • U.S. Ice Drilling Program
    - The U.S. Ice Drilling Program comprises scientists seeking to better understand evidence of the past archived in polar ice sheets and high-latitude glaciers, along with drillers who enable the science. Polar ice sheets and high-altitude glaciers are unique natural archives containing high-resolution climate data including samples of abrupt change, ancient air, and ancient life. Discoveries about changes in climate and the environment, using evidence from glaciers and ice sheets, inform environmental policy. The National Science Foundation has recently formed the Ice Drilling Program Office (IDPO) to coordinate long-term and short-term planning for the greater US ice science community, and to oversee the Ice Drill Design and Operations Group (IDDO), to ensure that the drilling technology will be there when the science needs it.
  • South Pole 1500 m Ice Core
    - The South Pole Ice Core (SPICE Core) project is a U.S. effort to drill and recover a new ice core from South Pole, Antarctica. The ice core will be drilled to a depth of 1500 meters, providing an environmental record spanning approximately 40,000 years that will be used to investigate the magnitude and timing of changes in climate and climate forcing through time. Drilling is planned for 2014-2015 (~700 m / through the Holocene) and 2015-2016 (to 1500 m / 40,000 years). The core will be recovered with a new intermediate depth drill currently under development by IDDO, based on the Danish Hans Tausen drill design.
  • West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide Ice Core Project (WAIS Divide)
    - WAIS Divide is a United States deep ice coring project in West Antarctica funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and is the second component to the larger WAISCORES initiative. The purpose of the WAIS Divide project is to collect a deep ice core from the flow divide in central West Antarctica in order to develop a unique series of interrelated climate, ice dynamics, and biologic records focused on understanding interactions among global earth systems. The WAIS Divide ice core will provide Antarctic records of environmental change with the highest possible time resolution for the last ~100,000 years and will be the Southern Hemisphere equivalent of the Greenland GISP2, GRIP, and North GRIP ice cores.
  • North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling (NEEM)
    - The North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling (NEEM) is an international ice core research project aimed at retrieving an ice core from Northwest Greenland reaching back through the previous interglacial, the Eemian. The project logistics is managed by the Centre for Ice and Climate, Denmark, and the air support is carried out by US ski equipped Hercules managed through the US Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation.
  • International Partnerships in Ice Core Sciences (IPICS)
    - With the completion of major projects in Greenland and Antarctica over the last 15 years, the international ice coring community is planning for the next several decades. The costs and scope of future work create the need for coordinated international collaboration. Developing this international collaboration is the charge of IPICS, the International Partnerships in Ice Core Sciences, a planning group currently composed of ice core scientists, engineers, and drillers from 18 nations.
  • Norwegian-U.S. Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica
    - A massive, largely unexplored region, the East Antarctic ice sheet looms large in the global climate system, yet relatively little is known about its climate variability or the contribution it makes to sea level changes. The field expedition for this international partnership involves scientific investigations along two overland traverses in East Antarctica: one going from the Norwegian Troll Station to the United States South Pole Station in 2007-2008; and a return traverse by a different route in 2008-2009. This project will investigate climate change in East Antarctica.
  • U. S. International Trans Antarctic Scientific Expedition
    - Scientific traverses across the Antarctic. Visit the main ITASE site
  • Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2
    - Greenland Ice Sheet Project Two (GISP2) penetrated through the ice sheet and 1.55 meters into bedrock recovering an ice core 3053.44 meters in depth, the deepest ice core recovered in the world at the time. This website is the portal to the valuable information obtained during the drilling program.
  • Taylor Dome Ice Core Project
    - Information and data from the Taylor Dome Ice core project, Antarctica
  • West Antarctic Ice Sheet Initiative (WAIS)
    - A Multidisciplinary Study of Rapid Climate Change and Future Sea Level
  • European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA)
    - EPICA is a multinational European project for deep ice core drilling in Antarctica. Its main objective is to obtain full documentation of the climatic and atmospheric record archived in Antarctic ice by drilling and analyzing two ice cores and comparing these with their Greenland counterparts.
  • North Greenland Ice core Project (NGRIP)
    - NGRIP is a multinational research program, funded by participating institutions in Germany, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Iceland and the US. Primary sponsor is the Danish Research Council. The research objective to retrieve and analyze a 3080 m long ice core drilled through the Greenland ice sheet.
  • Greenland Icecore Project (GRIP)
    - GRIP has been a multinational European research project, organized through the European Science Foundation (ESF). GRIP successfully drilled a 3028 meter ice core to the bed of the Greenland ice sheet at Summit.
  • Dome Fuji
    - The Japanese deep ice coring project at Dome Fuji, Antarctica